Medullary cystic kidney disease

Medullary cystic kidney disease -LRB- MCKD -RRB- is a hereditary disorder in which cysts in the center of each kidney cause the kidneys to gradually lose their ability to work . the kidney stone came out of my right kidney so will the stent be placed only in my right kidney or will it be placed from both kidneys Thanks Summer x P.S My kidney function is 45% left kidney 55% right kidney
Overview
Early in the disease , symptoms may include : Excessive urination -LRB- polyuria -RRB- Low blood pressureNeed to urinate at night -LRB- nocturia -RRB- Salt cravingsWeaknessLate in the disease , symptoms of kidney failure may develop , which include : ComaConfusionDecreased alertnessDeliriumDrowsinessEasy bruising or bleedingExtreme sleepiness -LRB- lethargy -RRB- FatigueFrequent hiccupsGeneral ill feelingGeneralized itchingHeadacheIncreased skin pigmentation -LRB- skin may appear yellow or brown -RRB- Muscle twitching or muscle crampsNauseaPale skinReduced sensation in the hands , feet , or other areasSeizuresUnintentional weight lossVomiting blood or blood in the stoolWeakness I began having heavy urination at night last summer and it was later discovered I have renal artery stenosis (blocked renal artery) in one kidney that had (in the summer) triggered high blood pressure as that one kidney began putting out large amounts of a hormone called renin to try to turn up the supply of blood to that kidney
Symptoms
There is no cure for this disease . At first , treatment focuses on controlling symptoms , reducing complications , and slowing the progression of the disease . Because of the loss of water and salt , the patient will need to drink plenty of fluids and take salt supplements to avoid dehydration.As the disease gets worse , kidney failure develops . Treatment may involve medications and diet changes to limit foods containing phosphorus and potassium . Dialysis and a kidney transplant may be needed . Analgesic nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that over years gradually leads to irreversible kidney failure and the permanent need for dialysis or a kidney transplant to restore renal function. For detailed information on treatment , see the articles on chronic kidney failure and end - stage kidney disease .
Treatment
Medullary cystic kidney disease -LRB- MCKD -RRB- is very similar to the childhood disease familial juvenile nephronophthisis -LRB- NPH -RRB- . Both lead to scarring of the kidney and formation of fluid - filled cavities -LRB- cysts -RRB- in the deeper parts of the kidney.In these conditions , the kidneys do n't concentrate the urine enough , leading to excessive urine production and loss of sodium.MCKD occurs in older patients and is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern . This is called medullary washout, and as a result of this, your body is not able to concentrate urine properly and you'll pee clear even when your body WANTS to keep water (which is a bad thing). NPH occurs in young children and is usually due to autosomal recessive inheritance.NPH may be associated with non - kidney features -LRB- like eye problems -RRB- , while MCKD is limited to the kidneys .
Causes
Laboratory tests that may be done include : 24 - hour urine volumeBlood pressure measurement -LRB- may be low -RRB- BUN -LRB- blood urea nitrogen -RRB- Complete blood countCreatinine level and creatinine clearanceUrine specific gravity -LRB- will be low -RRB- The following tests can help diagnose this condition : Abdominal ultrasound or abdominal CT scanRenal biopsy
Tests & diagnosis
Most persons with MCKD reach end - stage kidney disease between the ages of 30 and 50 . Lifelong treatment may control the symptoms of chronic kidney failure . The four most common causes of kidney failure in N. America are: diabetic kidney disease kidney disease related to a high blood pressure kidney tissue problem known as a glomerulonephropathy polycystic kidney disease.
Prognosis
This is an inherited disorder , but the way it is inherited varies . Prevention may not be possible .
Prevention
AnemiaCardiac tamponadeChanges in glucose metabolismChanges in electrolyte levels -LRB- hyperkalemia -RRB- Congestive heart failureEnd - stage kidney diseaseGastrointestinal bleeding , ulcersHemorrhageHigh blood pressureHyponatremiaInfertilityMenstrual irregularitiesMiscarriagePericarditisPeripheral neuropathyPermanent skin coloring changesPlatelet dysfunctionWeakening of the bones , fractures , joint disorders Urinary tract infections, kidney disorders such as cystic kidney diseases, and metabolic disorders such as hyperparathyroidism are also linked to stone formation."
Complications
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you have any symptoms of medullary cystic disease . This has helped my cystic outbreaks tremendously. God bless, Jen same here ladies, fibro plus cystic breast disease.

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